A one-time password or passcode OTP is a Series of characters or numbers that authenticates an individual for one login attempt or trade. An algorithm generates a special value for every one-time password by factoring in contextual information, like time-based information or previous login occasions.Tech support teams typically administer OTPs to folks who have forgotten their login credentials into an account or site, or when the source in question requires extra protection from undesirable access attempts. OTPs can also add another layer of authentication an unverified user will have to pass before they could access an account.When authenticating users, businesses have to keep three independent variables to bear in mind:
- Things the user understands, like a password, PIN, or security question answer.
- Matters the user has, such as a token, credit card, or telephone.
Biometric. Matters that identify the user uniquely, like fingerprints or behavioural information.Besides passwords, security teams Often distribute ownership factors like otp service using tokens and telephone notifications–things the user probably already has.Now that you understand what OTPs are, let us Examine how they keep companies secure.Resistance to replay attacks: OTP authentication offers distinct benefits over using static passwords alone. Unlike conventional passwords, OTPs are not vulnerable to replay attacks–where a hacker intercepts a transmission of data such as an individual submitting their password, documents it, and uses it to access the system or accounts themselves. When a user gains access to their accounts with an OTP, the code becomes invalid, and for that reason cannot be repurposed by attackers.
Difficult to guess: OTPs are usually generated with algorithms which use randomness. This makes it difficult for attackers to successfully guess and use them. OTPs may be valid just for short amounts of time, require the consumer to have knowledge of a previous OTP, or provide the consumer with a challenge e.g., please enter the second and fifth number. All these steps further decrease an environment’s attack surface compared to password-only authentication.Reduced risk when passwords are compromised: Users that don’t adopt strong security practices tend to recycle the very same credentials across different accounts. If these credentials are leaked or otherwise fall into the wrong hands, stolen fraud and data are important threats to the consumer on each front. OTP security will help to reduce access breaches, even if an attacker has obtained a valid set of login credentials.